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Exhibit Guide: Near Eastern Seals Collected by Henri Hyvernat (1858-1941)

Cylinder Seals

 CUA Cylinder Seals 

 Material, Size, Condition

seals perforated longitudinally through the center for suspension

 Design Note 

 1. White calcite (marble). 3.0 x 1.0 cm.

Antelope running to left, long horns covering its back. Field decoration includes linear (vegetation?) motifs and four-rayed stars.

 2. Green enameled stone. 3.9 x 1.4 cm. Tree flanked by two horned quadrupeds. Behinid them a deer moves to the right.
 3. Brown limestone. 3.9 x 1.3 cm. Very worn.
Two horned quadrupeds running left, one after the other. Speleers noted that the delicacy of the design may suggest a later Elamite period.

Lapis lazuli. 3.0 x 1.2 cm. Very worn.



Two horizontal registers: 1. Two seated men perhaps drinking through "straws" from a vessel on a table between them. A third man sits behind them. 2. A seated man touches the right hand of another man standing before him. On the right side is a table with a plant or branch. A man stands before it with arms extended. The men have bird-like faces, i.e., a round head with a large eye hole and sharp, pointed nose. Sumerian.
 5. Mixed diorite. 3.6 x 2.4 cm. Worn, but very well-executed.
Three groups in combat: a hero wearing a kilt and a conical cap wrestles with a bull; a bull-man wrestles with a lion; on the right, a hero in kilt and conical cap wrestles with a bull.
 6. Mixed diorite. 2.4 x 1.6 cm. Worn.
Description of scene by Casanowicz (1926):Seated deity holding a stalk of wheat. Before deity a man drives a bull with a curved stick. The animal bears grain stalks fastened to poles. Crescent in field. Description of scene by Speleers (1933): Seated deity in a long robe holds a rope or branch before a bull which lies before or supports a "winged gate". A figure standing behind the bull  grasps a rope or branch coming from the gate. Crescent in field. A very worn inscription of two lines may indicate the owner's name, "son of god [?]".
 7. Jade. 2.4 x 1.4 cm. Broken. Part of a stylized palmtree flanked by two animals standing upright on their hindlegs with forelegs on tree's branches: on the left a deer; on the right a lion. A hero subdues the lion.

Hematite. 1.7 x 0.9 cm.

Very worn; broken.

Deities Martu and Shala. In the field appear a squatting monkey-like figure, a naked man, a couched quadruped, a lion attacking a man, a thunderbolt below a bird.
 9. Hematite. 2.6 x 1.4 cm. Very worn. Deities Martu and female deity. Part of inscription: ... il... | ...god... || arad (il) Mar-(tu) | servant of (god) Martu ||  (ù) (il) | and of ... .
10. Grey stone. 2.9 x 1.5 cm. Deities Martu and Shala. Inscription of three lines: Ur-ni-il | Urni-il || ban-il | son of  || arad za-am-(il) | servant of .
11. Grey stone. 2.7 x 1.3 cm. Veneration of a god by two female deities. Inscription of three lines includes phrases "son of" and "servant of."
15. Hematite. 1.7 x 0.8 cm. Hero contesting with a lion. Behind the hero stands a second man and a male deity.  Background motifs: two human heads; a goose walking to the right and turning its head to the left.
16. Hematite. 2.0 x 0.9 cm. Four deities standing in pairs. In background a crescent appears above; a fly appears below. Speleers cites Syro-Hittite or West-Mesopotamian parallels.
17. Hematite. 1.9 x 0.8 cm. A male deity stands before a naked woman. A star symbol appears between them.  A crouching stag and a bird-griffin appear between characteristic Syro-Hittite guilloches above and below.
18. Pink chalcedony. 2.4 x 1.0 cm. Deity standing on a horned quadruped is worshiped by a man. Behind him apppears a stylized palmtree and a solar disk with bird wings and tail.
19. Opalescent chalcedony. 2.5 x 1.3 cm. A deity walks to the right, and receives homage from a man. The deity is followed by a winged genius.
20. Pink chalcedony. 2.5 x 1.0 cm. Worship of a stylized palmtree by two kneeling men in the presence of a solar disk with bird wings, tail and feet.
21. Pink chalcedony. 3.0 x 1.5 cm. Broken Two kneeling men worship a stylized palmtree in the presence of a solar disk with bird wings and tail.  Field motifs include an eight-rayed star and a flying eagle.
22. White chalcedony. 2.2 x 1.1 cm. Two standing men worship a stylized palmtree.
23. Lt. brown chalcedony. 3.1 x 1.4 cm. Archer shooting at a winged flying dragon; perhaps scene of deity Bel-Marduk attacking Tiamat.
24. Serpentine. 3.3 x 2.3 cm. Archer aiming an arrow at a dragon; perhaps scene of Marduk attacking Tiamat.
25. Jade. 2.7 x 1.3 cm. Upper part broken. Assyrian engraving of an archer kneeling with a quadruped figure before him.
26. White rock-stone. 2.0 x 1.1 cm. Very well-executed engraving; one of the most beautiful pieces of the collection
Battle-scene of a genius against a bull; perhaps Marduk against Tiamat. In front there is a stylized palmtree above which appears a solar disk with outspread bird wings, feet and tail. A crescent appears on the disk.
27. Jade. 2.4 x 1.1 cm. Two Assyrians stand before a pedestal. The man on the left holds a bow. Behind them in the field appear an eight-rayed star above and a palm branch and stick.
28. Grey chalcedony. 2.5 x 1.3 cm.
Assyrian hero grasps the forelegs of a lion on the right and a bull on the left. The seal area near the bull's head may not have been finished. Speleers suggests seal could be of Persian origin rather than Assyrian.
29. Jade. 2.7 x 1.6 cm. Broken. A war scene. A horse pulls a chariot with two riders. A third person lies under the horse. The chariot and the second rider are placed upon five wedges, perhaps to indicate that the war-scene took place in a mountainous country.