Fair Use is the allowance of limited use of copyrighted material without permissions, and is based on U.S. copyright law. It is primarily practiced in educational and non-profit settings, including libraries, the documentary industry, universities, and research centers.
Section 107 [of the U.S. Code] contains a list of the various purposes for which the reproduction of a particular work may be considered fair, such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Section 107 also sets out four factors to be considered in determining whether or not a particular use is fair:
This is an excerpt from the U.S. Copyright Office on Fair Use. See the whole section here: (U.S. Copyright Office, 2009).
Browse the links below for more information about fair use of copyrighted materials and how it pertains to your research.